If you are like me, you either have no idea what a Historically Black College and University is or only the vaguest understanding. Abel Pharmboy of Terra Sigillata has posted a very nice review of the history, purpose, demographics and famous alumni of HBCUs in honor of National HBCU Week.
One of the most interesting things that I learned from Abel were some statistics pulled from this by Michelle J. Nealy:
While HBCUs represent only 3 percent of all colleges and universities, they enroll close to one-third of all Black students. Forty percent of HBCU students pursue four-year degrees in science, technology, engineering and math, and about half of all Black students in teaching fields attended HBCUs. Three-quarters of all African-American Ph.D.s did their undergraduate studies at an HBCU, and, according to a study conducted by the National Center for Education Statistics, the total economic impact of the nation's HBCUs in 2001 was $10.2 billion.